Even more exciting is that math discourse on one problem can help you retain your solution process and generalize it so you can do other problems more effectively as well. And I do walk around and try to listen to my students as they discuss math problems and concepts. Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener … Student Discourse Observation Protocol. Pay attention to the use of academic language in the task. Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… Here, you will find examples from throughout the school year on: Modeling and Encouraging Active Listening Using Precise Language Structured Talk Paraphrasing and Extending Discourse Students engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. She began her career as a student teacher in middle school and has taught students from 7th to 12th grade. There were some very good discussions. For example, what strategy/strategies did the student use? Strategies (activities) that would promote student conversations about math and would fit into my current classroom routine. Required fields are marked *. In addition, Webb and colleagues have argued that the help received is beneficial only if the student requesting it understands the explanation given and … Inviting students to write about what they’re learning can be equally insightful for students and teachers alike…and it doesn’t have to be graded to be effective. Below you will find a number of different benefits explored through work of researchers! I’ve been a math teacher for over 15 years. Michelle, thanks for sharing ways to conduct formative assessment in ways that don’t require creating, administering, and correcting quizzes! If anyone has any suggestions for how to promote good student math discussions, or tips for being a better listener, please share! This helps others gain in the understanding or in helping to “clear up” a misconception. I’ll wait for you. Asking yourself these important questions before engaging students in mathematical discourse will help you to focus on your math class goals. Michelle Russell (@michel1erussel1) is a math teacher at Florence (AL) High School. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. In classroom discussions, students work with multiple ideas and have to balance new ideas with their original conclusions. Mathematics (DEBT-M) program, as well as my many years as a mathematics teacher and supervisor, I have found high-quality diversity training to be essential in helping teachers close mathematics opportunity gaps and improve outcomes for students. Learn how your comment data is processed. Using this example, I discuss how the distinction between everyday and mathematical discourse can help or hinder us in hearing the mathematical content in student talk. I was looking for some specific information: 1.) I have been using writing to ask students to justify their answers with evidence – such as examples, non-examples, and definitions. I’d add, writing to learn in math. For the past 13 years, she's taught high school math, including Algebra IB, Algebraic Connections, Pre-Calculus, AP Statistics, Algebra with Finance, and Algebra 2 with Trigonometry. Mathematical discourse is the way students represent, think, talk, question, agree, and disagree in the classroom. What I have been underestimating is how much it would help me. The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. Here’s How I Created a Virtual Class Library, 8 Ways to Revitalize Your School Leadership, Try a Game Strategy to Engage Kids in History, Penny Kittle: Nurturing Readers for a Lifetime, Energizing Kids’ Online Learning This Term, Talking to Our Students about the Capitol Riots, A Toolbox Packed with Practical Math Ideas, How to Teach Content Vocabulary to Our ELs, Reflection Can Help Us Revive Our Best Selves, Want Kids to Like Books? Academic discussions, precise language, and the ability to communicate multiple approaches to solving problems are the foundation of mathematical thinking. Students also learn to engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. In the first article in this series, I introduced four “influences or actions” that come from John Hattie’s (2017) groundbreaking research. Asking better questions can open new doors for students, helping to promote mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse. The Fear Of Speaking, Listening, & Mathematical Discourse. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Thanks so much for sharing this post with me! I have used Gallery Walks in the past, but I wanted to focus on listening closely to students’ discussions as they rotated through the “Gallery.” I found a great explanation for a gallery walk at “Gallery Walk, Math Congress and Bansho.” (Source). Students critique their own, and others, ideas to seek efficient mathematical solutions, Involves asking strategic questions on how a problem is solved and a particular method used. See ideas in MORE ABOUT WRITING (2019) that was reviewed last month here on MIDDLE WEB. Or perhaps, what did the students learn from this activity? Rich classroom discourse offers students a way to express their ideas, reasoning, and thinking. Asking better questions can open doors for students, promoting mathematical thinking and discourse. You are so right, it helps the whole class to share common misconceptions. Mathematical Discourse: Let the Kids Talk! I think math talk helps students solidify their thinking, make connections, and remember what they have learned. Such questions help students: Work together to make sense of mathematics. Embedded in almost every lesson is an activity for a student to do with a partner, such as a card sort or some matching activity. View the Guidance. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. I am looking at Properties of Exponents (8th grade). https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/, Your email address will not be published. As students work with a partner to match equivalent expressions, the teacher is instructed to “note different student approaches to the task and to support student problem solving.” The teachers are further instructed to “listen to…students carefully.” (Source) I’m excited to try this lesson, with renewed attention to listening and the goal of formatively assessing my students’ understanding. Another strategy that I want to try is called a Gallery Walk. Communication provides opportunities for students to analyze and evaluate their mathematical thinking and strategies of others. I learned so much! One of the easiest routines to integrate into our repertoire of mathematical discourse opportunities is Number Talks. She received her PhD from Iowa State University in 2008 after working as a high school mathematics teacher in New York for eight years. A challenge faced by math educators of all levels is how to engage students in their mathematical content through rich discussion or discourse. Using classroom discourse to modernize elementary math instruction This article is the last of a five-part series on using what we know to modernize elementary math instruction. Thanks! In Mia Buljan’s 2nd grade classroom, students and teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse. In this This article illustrates how research about mathematical discourse can be translated into practice. Training the Brain to Listen: A Practical Strategy for Student Learning and Classroom Management, 9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners, Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/. In addition to talking, writing is an important form of discourse in mathematics (NCTM, 2014). Photo credits: Kevin Jarrett, Bigstock. Although I can’t eliminate distractions in my own teaching space, I can control how I respond to them. View the Guidance. Groups rotate until every group has had a chance to visit each chart poster, giving students an opportunity to “discuss their classmates’ solutions.” As students are having these discussions, the teacher listens, observes, and “gauges student understanding.”. Related Content: Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Interim State Superintendent of Education. Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. (If you haven’t had the chance to do a formative assessment lesson, I really recommend that you try one.) Published 12/10/2017. Classroom discussions are a perfect place to develop students’ ability to use textual evidence. Another means of communication that we are working on to deepen understanding is writing in mathematics. Your email address will not be published. Through the lesson activities, students also sharpen their skills in mathematical reasoning and debate. This is a very specific instructional strategy that develops a routine around eliciting students’ thinking from a … I am talking capital “N” for Number and capital “T” for Talks. in the Math Classroom. I totally agree with you that student collaboration and discussion is key to deepening understanding in math. Encouraging talk about math in the classroom is easier with question stems. Share this: examine descriptions of mathematical discourse and an example of student talk in a mathematics classroom. The article shows two types of discourse, cognitive discourse and motivational discourse. It dawned on me that, at the workshop, I wasn’t responsible for all the logistics that normally accompany the classroom experience. One thing that helps make the learning more powerful for the class too is when I share with the large group either misconceptions that I heard – or ask a group to share a strategy – with the class. Unfortunately, high-quality diversity training is not universally available. Model with mathematics. The way it works is that students are given a problem, which they work on in small groups. Great suggestions! Great point about misconceptions. After we return from Christmas Break will be a great time to incorporate a MARS lesson. To listen well is as powerful a means of influence as to talk well and is as essential to all true conversation. I like the idea of the "Waiting room". They then post their solution on chart paper. increasing mathematical discourse in the classroom effect number sense in first grade students. Question-writing is also useful. … Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener, Tags: listeningmath talkMeaningful MathMichelle Russellstudent conversationsteacher listening. Homeschooling in the District of Columbia, Guiding Principles for Continuous Education, Licensing Process for Child Care Providers, Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar PowerPoint.pdf. What it means: Use math to solve real-world problems, organize data, and … For more information or questions, please email Monisha Karnani at [email protected]. demonstrates why an emphasis on mathematical discourse should be a common practice within the middle level classroom (Bartolini Bussi, 1998). This is great – I am always eavesdropping on my student discussions. Student Discourse 91 CHAPTER 4 04-Gillies-45194.qxd 2/20/2007 1:15 PM Page 91. or her misunderstanding. I didn’t have to take attendance, I didn’t have to answer the intercom or check my email for a list of students who would be on a field trip. The discourse in the mathematics classroom gives students oppor- tunities to share ideas and clarify understandings, construct convincing arguments regarding why and how things work, develop a language for expressing mathematical ideas, and learn to see things from other perspectives (NCTM 1991, 2000). Classroom discourse can be a central element of acquiring mathematical … I created a “Waiting Room” for my students. Examples of student discourse and teacher-student discussions are provided. To increase mathematical discourse, we should start by creating an environment in which students are able to have discussions with peers and practice both using academic, mathematical … I have always known that it is helpful to the students to talk with their peers about math. ... and ask useful questions to clarify or improve the arguments. These were not my students and we were not in my classroom, nor my school. Thank you for your comment! With your goals in mind, you can plan out how to follow the discourse practices. – Chinese Proverb. In Teach Like a Champion 2.0, Doug Lemov (2015) concludes that “the amount and quality of writing students do in your classroom are two of the most important determinants of their academic success” (p. 281). Expect students to justify answers. In my own classroom my attention is divided. Thank you for bringing attention to the importance of listening to students as they communicate about mathematics! Rely more on themselves to determine whether something is mathematically correct. Thank you sooooo Much! Mathematical classroom discourse is about whole-class discussions in which students talk about mathematics in such a way that they reveal their understanding of concepts. (Pugalee, D. K, 2001). Discourse requires students to evaluate and interpret . provides teachers with the tools they need to facilitate mathematical discourse in the 21st century classroom and create opportunities for students to think constructively, communicate effectively, and increase mathematics proficiency. Here are the academic vocabulary words I noticed students would need to understand (in an academic sense) in order to be able to do this task without any support: Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, authored by Chapin, O’Connor, and Anderson in 2009, is one of the leading resources for promoting student engagement in rich discourse. Hi Michelle, this is a great article. Is it part... As a teacher I always enjoyed explaining the why, to the... Hi! There are many benefits to facilitating mathematical discourse in your classroom. I remembered that the Formative Assessment Lessons provided by MARS (Mathematics Assessment Resource Service) dealt with the teachers’ role while students discussed math activities.

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