In other words, there are firms that may advertise themselves as “solar panel recyclers” but instead sell panels to a secondary markets in nations with less developed waste disposal systems. The funds would then, in the future, be dispensed to state and local governments to pay for the removal and recycling or long-term storage of solar panel waste. Sci. Most likely, he … An Indian research team has analyzed around 300 scientific studies about PV panel waste containing carcinogenic metals. The answer is no. In 2012, First Solar stopped putting a share of its revenues into a fund for long-term waste management. “Green Prince of Darkness” at FauxScienceSlayer website. James McGinn: Low demand for scrap and the high cost of employing workers to disassemble the aluminum frames and other components will make it difficult to create a profitable business unless recycling companies can charge several times more than the target set by [Japan’s environment ministry]. “Approximately 90{154653b9ea5f83bbbf00f55de12e21cba2da5b4b158a426ee0e27ae0c1b44117} of most PV modules are made up of glass,” notes San Jose State environmental studies professor Dustin Mulvaney. These metals also have a record for detrimental effects on human health. Where are your scientific papers, your verified measurements? “We’ll do the recycling, and they’ll pay the price at that time.”, Or they won’t. AU - Ramos-Ruiz, Adriana. | ACN: 632 317 545 | ABN: 41 632 317 545, SOLAR HOTLINE: 1800-EMATTERS (1800 362 883), Tasmania’s New Solar Incentive For Business, Home Solar Power Systems Boost House Value. A 2004 study commissioned by environmental groups, but contested by the US EPA, concluded that coal burning costs 24,000 lives a year in the United States. Just How Accurate Are Weather And Climate Measurements? According to a 2015 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report, somewhere between 60 and 90 percent of electronic waste is illegally traded and dumped in poor nations. Governments of poor and developing nations are often not equipped to deal with an influx of toxic solar waste, experts say. NO, none of you have, without those carefully made and verified measurements giving evidence that your theory is correct, and can be useful in predicting with good accuracy what the weather and climate will do in the future it is not that worthy. Cadmium is a major ingredient in one particular type of solar panel called cadmium telluride. Second, the federal government should encourage citizen enforcement of laws to decommission, store, or recycle solar panels so that they do not end up in landfills. Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions Author: Ramos-Ruiz, Adriana, Wilkening, Jean V., Field, James A., Sierra-Alvarez, Reyes Source: Journal of hazardous materials 2017 v.336 pp. You are not a skeptic. You aren’t a real skeptic. Given the decentralized nature of solar energy production, and lack of technical expertise at the local level, it is especially important that the whole society be involved in protecting itself from exposure to dangerous toxins. Give it up already .. stupid moron. Technol. Many experts urge mandatory recycling. Maybe adjust your attitude as it puts off skeptics like me, and I’m sure makes many reluctant to even glance at your ideas. Solar panels glimmering in the sun are an icon of all that is green. Research paper by Adriana A Ramos-Ruiz, Jean V JV Wilkening, James A JA Field, Reyes R Sierra-Alvarez. Last July, Washington became the first U.S. state to require manufacturers selling solar panels to have a plan to recycle. That claim has been contradicted by the previously-mentioned Stuttgart research scientists who found cadmium from solar panels “can be almost completely washed out…over a period of several months…by rainwater.” Cadmium telluride solar cell, also called cadmium telluride photovoltaic or cadmium telluride thin film, a photovoltaic device that produces electricity from light by using a thin film of cadmium telluride (CdTe). Indexed on: 05 May '17 Published on: 05 May '17 Published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials. Chemical and Environmental Engineering; Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review. Explain why should anyone believe your ideas? Cadmium fumes may cause flu like symptoms and more severe respiratory problems. Portions copyright © Principia Scientific International. 2013, DOI: 10.1021/es402969c ). You don’t really care about scientific truth. Third, the United Nations Environment Programme’s Global Partnership for Waste Management, as part of its International Environmental Partnership Center,  should more strictly monitor e-waste shipments and encourage nations importing used solar panels into secondary markets to impose a fee to cover the cost of recycling or long-term management. Cadmium is a heavy metal and extremely dangerous. None of the above. “If waste issues are not preemptively addressed,” warns Mulvaney, “the industry risks repeating the disastrous environmental mistakes of the electronics industry.”. If so show it — AND STOP SHOUTING ABUSE! bEnvironmental Studies Program, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY, USA. YOU CANNOT BUILD A RELIABLE ENERGY SUPPLY FROM UNRELIABLE ENERGY SOURCES. Additionally, he said cadmium is considered 10 times more hazardous than lead. What propagandist rubbish. AU - Sierra Alvarez, Maria Reye. James McGinn: “But I’ve heard that it will have to be mandated because it won’t ever be economical.”. Although solar panels contain hazardous materials, such as lead and cadmium, they are sealed in enclosures or even sandwiched between plates of glass. My writings have appeared in The New York Times, Washington Post and Wall Street Journal, Scientific American, Nature Energy,…, Michael Shellenberger, President, Environmental Progress. Lack of technical expertise can be a problem when solar developers like Sustainable Power Group, or sPower, incorrectly claim that the cadmium in its panels is not water soluble. But the legislature did not require manufacturers to pay a fee for disposal. Good to give this subject proper attention! However, a new study shows that certain thin-film solar cells currently on the market could leach hazardous amounts of cadmium after disposal (Environ. CO2 driving dangerous climate change. If the industry responds with foresight, Mulvaney notes, it could end up sparking clean innovation including “developing PV modules without hazardous inputs and recycled rare metals.” And that’s something everyone can get powered up about. German researchers at the Stuttgart Institute for Photovoltaics warned that poor and developing nations are at higher risk of suffering the consequences. The problem with putting the responsibility for recycling or long-term storage of solar panels on manufacturers, says the insurance actuary Milliman, is that it increases the risk of more financial failures like the kinds that afflicted the solar industry over the last decade. You are just one of many, many ideologues using the atmosphere as the canvas to express your politics. Cadmium Telluride Panel Integrity and Safety Executive Summary • It is important to distinguish that Cadmium Telluride (CdTe) is not the same as free Cadmium. Therefore, it is impossible for any vapors — and at decommissioning is a big concern.” ... First Solar has meanwhile been steadily reducing the amount of cadmium used in its solar cells. Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. Head Office: 27 Old Gloucester Street, London WC1N 3AX. The local level is where action to dispose of electronic and toxic waste takes place, often under state mandates. California’s Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC), which is implementing the new regulations, held a meeting last August with solar and waste industry representatives to discuss how to deal with the issue of solar waste. If you find any evidence that is inconsistent with my model feel free to bring it to my attention. “I’ve been involved with millions of solar panels going into the field, and now they’re getting old.”. So get over it and stop being a wannabe childish bully. There is growing concern over the possibility of rainwater washing cadmium out of panels … Solar panels often contain lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemicals that cannot be removed without breaking apart the entire panel. Back Radiation Greenhouse Effect of 33 Kelvin Possible? c-Si cells are currently 95% of the market.. PV array made of cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar panels Cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaics describes a photovoltaic (PV) technology that is based on the use of cadmium telluride in a thin semiconductor layer designed to absorb and convert sunlight into electricity. What Drives The Jet Streams? Y1 - 2017/8/15 Photovoltaic panels never produce a fraction of their investment energy. http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=10&t=16329. • CdTe is a very stable compound that is non-volatile and non-soluble in water. In the past, communities living near electronic waste dumps in Ghana, Nigeria, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India have been primary e-waste destinations. When coal is compared to solar photovoltaic generation, the latter could save 51,999 American lives per year if solar were to replace coal generation in the U.S. which also produce large amounts of CO2, driving hazardous climate change? And CO2 cannot acidify the oceans, and marine life and plant life all love more CO2. Vindicating decision: US Patent Trial and Appeal Board invalidates claims of Hanwha Q-Cells US Patent asserted against REC Group, Why renewable prices have become so cheap, Why solar-powered Christmas lights are a safer (and greener) option, How to keep cool without the air-con this summer. Researchers at the department of civil engineering of the Indian Institute of Technology have reviewed around 300 studies concerned with carcinogenic waste in PV panels published between 2000 and 2018.. At the meeting, the representatives from industry and DTSC all acknowledged how difficult it would be to test to determine whether a solar panel being removed would be classified as hazardous waste or not. Maybe adjust your attitude as it puts off skeptics like me, and I’m sure makes many reluctant to even glance at your ideas. They are really only good for the end user who is isolated from the grid or wants to use less power from the grid. Common problematic impurities in glass include plastics, lead, cadmium and antimony.”, Researchers with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) undertook a study for U.S. solar-owning utilities to plan for end-of-life and concluded that solar panel “disposal in “regular landfills [is] not recommended in case modules break and toxic materials leach into the soil” and so “disposal is potentially a major issue.”. I wrongly b…, ...........and accomplish their population control…, Jerry: And I pointed to the observed fact that onc…, So, this jab is actually designed to cause an auto…, Hi TL, You just wrote: "Of course, if a lamp is us…, Yes James I completely agree, we need constant exp…, I agree Linden, and I have said exactly the same a…, Yes, indeed we must share the facts, but a wise pe…, Right on, Linden. Explain why should anyone believe your ideas? The result of such bankruptcies is that the cost of managing or recycling PV waste will be born by the public. ” said EPRI’s Cara Libby. Alternate silicon-based solar panels have similar issues with lead leaching, although cadmium is suggested to be 10 times more hazardous than Lead. Solar inverters convert the DC power to AC power by performing the process of maximum power point tracking (MPPT): solar inverter samples the output Power (I-V curve) from the solar cell and applies the proper resistance (load) to solar cells to obtain maximum power. Solar panel efficiency can be calculated by MPP (maximum power point) value of solar panels. If you are so confused you cannot formulate a specific argument or even a specific point don’t whine to me about it. “We estimate there are 100,000 pounds of cadmium contained in the 1.8 million panels,” Sean Fogarty of the group told me. Koch-funded global warming deniers? When growth levels off then PV producers would face rapidly increasing recycling costs as a percentage of revenues. The advantage of this fund over extended producer responsibility is that it would insure that solar panels are safely decommissioned, recycled, or stored over the long-term, even after solar manufacturers go bankrupt. “Any modules that were broken into small bits of glass had to be swept from the ground,” Mulvaney explained, “so lots of rocks and dirt got mixed in that would not work in recycling plants that are designed to take modules. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in 2016 estimated there was about 250,000 metric tonnes of solar panel waste in the world at the end of that year. PRINCIPIA SCIENTIFIC INTERNATIONAL is legally registered in the UK as a company incorporated for charitable purposes. For large scale energy production, solar panels were a bad investment in the first place. They dare not sue, because to do…, Does this come as any surprise? Cadmium is a heavy metal that can make humans quite sick. Dangers and hazards of toxins in photovoltaic modules appear particularly large in countries where there are no orderly waste management systems… Especially in less developed countries in the so-called global south, which are particularly predestined for the use of photovoltaics because of the high solar radiation, it seems highly problematic to use modules that contain pollutants. TomOMason: Principia Scientific International (PSI) is a not-for-profit community interest association. Lead is commonly known to impair brain development in children, and cadmium is a carcinogen. “Leaching potential test results show that such panels have a leaching potential of approximately 4 grams of lead per kilowatt installed, compared to approximately 23 grams of cadmium per kilowatt installed for CdTe panels. Currently, citizens have the right to file lawsuits against government agencies and corporations to force them to abide by various environmental laws, including ones that protect the public from toxic waste. — and at decommissioning is a big concern.”. “Either it becomes economical or it gets mandated. From your link I see lots of negativity against current thinking — all well and fine but where is your science? “Leaching from broken panels damaged during natural events — hail storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, etc. Leaching of cadmium and tellurium from cadmium telluride (CdTe) thin-film solar panels under simulated landfill conditions. Telephone: Calls from within the UK: 020 7419 5027. International dialling: (44) 20 7419 5027. a 40-year veteran of the U.S. solar industry, a 2015 United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report, As the United Nation Environment Program notes, International Environmental Partnership Center, Hi James, You have just made my point. Mulvaney said First Solar is required to handle PV modules in a way that minimizes any accidental cadmium leakage at other sites. “Customers have the option to use our services when the panels get to the end of life stage,” a spokesperson told Solar Power World.

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